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Deafness and Hard of Hearing


Baby with GuitarAccording to the Virginia Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program, up to 300 babies are born in Virginia each year who have a hearing loss. The resources and information found here are intended to help practitioners learn more about supporting young children with hearing loss and their families. Visit the resource landing pad for information about evidence-based practices and topics; online, print, and video resources, and Virginia-specific guidance.


Click the links below to jump directly to the following sections of this page.
Landing Pad | Archived Webinars | Articles & Handouts | Online Learning | Websites, Resources & Programs

Landing Pad

Deafness and Hard of Hearing Landing Pad PDF | HTML

Archived Webinars

Talks on Tuesdays

Everyone You Always Wanted to Know About Hearing but Were Afraid to Ask

VA’s Integrated Training Collaborative

Partnership for People with Disabilities

Presented by Ruth Frierson, Christine Evans, & Patty Eitemiller

This webinar provides an overview of early hearing development, the 1-3-6 hearing screening initiative, types of hearing loss, and communication options Click the link above to visit the 2010-2011 Talks on Tuesdays Archive and scroll down until you find the webinar.



Articles & Handouts

Basic Genetics (external website)

Causes of Hearing Loss

My Baby’s Hearing - Hearing & Amplification


This handout addressed Frequently Asked Questions about genetics related to hearing loss.

Common Causes of Hearing Loss for Parents and Families (external website)

Harvard Medical School

Center for Hereditary Deafness

This booklet covers introductory level information about hearing loss.

Keeping It Real: Coaching Parents to Use Natural Experiences for Learning (external website)
Ellie White and Dorie Noll
Listening and Spoken Language Knowledge Center          
This article provides information for listening and spoken language professionals who serve infants and toddlers with hearing loss and their families about coaching practices. Guidance is provided about using specific family daily routines and examples are provided. Avoiding taking toy bags into natural environments is also addressed. The information in this article is useful for EI service providers of all disciplines.

Part C Eligibility Considerations for Infants & Toddlers Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing PDF | HTML
IDEA Infant & Toddler Coordinators Association and National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management at Utah State University. January 2011.

This document discusses issues related to eligibility determination for infants and toddlers with hearing loss.

Moeller, M. P. (2000). Early intervention and language development in children who are deaf and hard of hearing. PEDIATRICS, 106(3), 1-9. (external website)

This study was conducted with 112 children who were deaf or hard of hearing and examined the effects of early intervention and family involvement on language outcomes. Results indicated that enrollment in early intervention, particularly when families were actively involved, was associated with higher language scores for children.

Risk Factors for Late Onset Hearing Loss: Features Associated with the Syndromes (external website)

Washington State Dept. of Health

This document provides information about genetic syndromes associated with hearing loss.



Online Learning

Rules of the Road: A Foundation for Understanding Early Hearing Detection & Intervention

The 1-3-6 Process: A Road Map for Newborn Hearing Screening and Follow-up

The 1-3-6 Process: A Road Map for Newborn Hearing Screening and Follow-up for Audiologists

The 1-3-6 Process: A Road Map for Newborn Hearing Screening and Follow-up for Otolaryngologists

VA’s Integrated Training Collaborative

Partnership for People with Disabilities at VCU

These modules are designed to help early intervention practitioners and medical doctors navigate the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention process in Virginia.

Teaching Babies with Hearing Loss to Listen and Talk (external website)

Smart Ears

Often early intervention therapists have questions when it comes to working with infants and young babies with hearing loss. Smart Ears has put together mini video lessons (only 2-3 minutes each) that will help them grasp some key elements of working with babies. New lessons are added periodically. Lessons so far:

  1. Just waiiiiit!
  2. Let's Whisper!
  3. Hold Out!
  4. Life's A Jingle!
  5. No Throwing!
  6. Speaking Means Control
  7. Repetition, Repetition, Repetition!


Websites, Resources & Programs

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (external website)

This page provides links to many resources to help practitioners and parents understand hearing, balance, speech, language, and swallowing. Some information is also available in Spanish at http://www.asha.org/public/espanol/

Small Steps PDF

VA School for the Deaf and the Blind

This free parent-infant education program is managed by VSDB and is designed for families raising children who are deaf, hard of hearing, who have low vision and who are blind.

Virginia Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program (External Website)
The goal of the Virginia Early Hearing Detection and Intervention program is to identify congenital hearing loss in children before three months of age and to assure enrollment in appropriate early intervention services before six months of age.



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Virginia Early Intervention Professional Development Center