Ellis, E. M., & Thal, D. J. (2008). Early language delay and risk for language impairment. Perspectives on Language Learning and Education, 15(3), 93-100.
This article reviews the research about early identification, characteristics, outcomes, and predictors of late talkers.
Late Blooming or Language Problem? (external website)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
This article is written for parents and practitioners and includes risk factors that may increase the likelihood that late-talking child in the 18-30 month age range, with normal intelligence, may continue to have language problems.
Law, J., Garrett, Z., & Nye, C. The efficacy of treatment for children with developmental speech and language delay/disorder: A meta-analysis. (external website, pdf) Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 47, 924-943.
This meta-analysis reviews the effectiveness of communication interventions for children. One interesting finding: there was no difference in outcomes when intervention was administered by trained parents versus clinicians.
Lederer, S. H., & Battaglia, D. (2015). Using signs to facilitate vocabulary in children with language delaysInfants & Young Children, 28(1), 18-31.
This article explores recommended practices for choosing and using signs to facilitate first spoken words in children with language delays. Implementation strategies are included.
Strategies for Promoting Communication and Language of Infants and Toddlers (external website)
University of Kansas
This manual covers 8 practical strategies for encouraging communication in infants and toddlers, including arranging the environment, responsiveness, commenting and labeling, imitating and expanding, asking open-ended questions, giving praise and positive attention, providing choices, and time delay.